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    比照题型的表现方式主要有以下几种:

    (一)比照级与富含比照含义的词汇手法和句型构造

    1.表明比照级的more+形容词(或副词)和形容词(或副词)+er方式;

    2.表明榜首流的most+形容词(或副词)和形容词(或副词)+est方式;

    3.表明比照的词汇手法:parallel,rival,match,differ from,like,unlike,different from等;

    4.表明比照的句型构造:in the same way;as…as等。

    (二)表明肯定含义的字眼

    first(榜首),least(起码,起码),always(老是),never(永不),foremost(最), uttermost(最),all(一切),none(一个也不),any(任何)。

    (三)表明专一性的词汇

    only,sole,unique,simply(只需),just(只需)。

    阅览时最佳能圈划表明榜首流、专一性和肯定含义的词汇,便于做题时回原文定位。

    例1

    Britain almost more than any other country in the world must seriously face the problem of building upwards, that is to say, of accommodating a considerable propor-tion of its population in high blocks of flats. It is said that the Englishman objects to this type of existence, but if the case is such, he does in fact differ from the inhabit- ants of most countries of the world today. In the past our own blocks of flats have been associated with the lower-income groups and they have lacked the obvious provi- sions, such as central heating, constant hot water supply, electrically operated lifts from top to bottom, and so on, as well as such details important not withstanding(但是), as easy facilities for disposal of dust and rubbish and storage places for baby car-riages on the ground floor, playgrounds for children on the top of the buildings, and drying grounds for washing. It is likely that the dispute regarding flats versus(对,对立)individual houses will continue to rage on for a long time as far as Britain is con-cerned. And it is unfortunate that there should be hot feelings on both sides whenever this subject is raised. Those who oppose the building of flats base their case primarily on the assumption(想象)that everyone prefers an individual home and garden and on the high cost per unit of accommodation. The latter ignores the higher cost of provi- ding full services to a scattered community and the cost in both money and time of the journeys to work for the suburban resident.

    We can infer from the passage that

    A. English people, like most people in other countries, dislike living in flats

    B. people in most countries of the world today are not opposed to living in flats

    C. people in Britain are forced to move into high blocks of flats

    D. modern flats still fail to provide the necessary facilities for living

    本题查核依据上下文进行揣度的才能。尽管标题说we can infer from the passage that…,但实际上答案出在本篇最初的两句话。第二句话强调指出,英国人(在住房疑问上)的确与当今世界上很多国家的居民有着不一样的观点。假设英国人对立住高层公寓,那么世界上很多国家的居民便不对立住高层公寓,因而答案是B。假设阅览时能注意到表明比照的词组“differ from”和榜首流“most”,就知道英国人与世界上很多国家的居民在住高层公寓方面构成比照,做这道题时就简单多了。

    例2

    A rapid means of long-distance transportation became a necessity for the United States as settlement(新拓居地)spread over farther westward. The early trains were impractical curiosities, and for a long time the railroad companies met with trouble-some mechanical problems. The most serious ones were the construction of rails able to bear the load, and the development of a safe, effective stopping system. Once these were solved, the railroad was established as the best means of land transportation. By 1860 there were tho~usands of miles of railroads crossing the eastern mountain ranges and reaching westward to the Mississippi. There were also regional southern and west-ern lines.

    The major problems with America's railroad system in the mid 19th century lay in

    A. poor quality rails and unreliable stopping systems

    B. lack of financial support for development

    C. limited railroad lines

    D. lack of a transcontinental railroad

    本题问的是19世纪中叶美国铁路体系存在的疑问。作者在第三句中指出,其时最严峻的技能疑问是the construction of rails able to bear the road和the development ofa safe,effective stopping system,所以答案为A项。这个疑问与该句的比照考点(榜首流)相联系The most serious ones were…


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